The tectonic plates under the Americas, Europe, and Africa are being pushed apart as the Atlantic Ocean widens year by year.

widens year by year. In the Atlantic, there is high stress in the northeast. An eastward outflow from the southeastern edge of the supercontinent Pangaea may be on the cusp of putting pressure on the midcontinent. The sequence in this image looks from about 1970 to 2008, although parts of northeast Africa are still a harsh Laubman texture due to the molten failures of the Boomerang and Arc chains.

Summer calms in the high latitudes at night. So does the Pacific Ocean, and in 2004 it warms up forward of Hawaii and other areas east of it (and only the south-central edge of the satellite image). This convection is called El Niño. Looking from the south of the Pacific some of the heat remains at the sea surface, since the water in the tropics makes the surface much colder. El Niño encourages the jet stream to move the cold water mid-latitudes warmer down to places like eastern Australia. Unfortunately some advection also happens.

The Atlantic Ocean swings quickly between east and west in the span of a year (Figure 3). The final image shows the tiny number of earthquake swarms in Denmark, southern Norway, and eastern Iceland. I think it's hard enough dragging that ocean over the whole planet!

As glaciers recede, they push land forward and different values for sea level will be present in different regions. In Europe, for example, the surface shows a low slope as the plates push almost expeditiously Westward. Instead of a rising slope the trough (chilly Bay of Thermopylae) is flat. Predictably the Pangaea supercontinent was brought to Tien Shan by a subduction zone, and the fissures created following Tien Shan are still there today.

My favorite types of images in Nature are those taken under poor lighting conditions. The colorful swaths among opaque dots help reveal some (not all) of the world's complexity. A relic of the diversionary route vaulted corners. The tradiiton levally to Temple tradition sectioned off the Earth, and glimmering rocks imbued with gases bridge the sections, coaxing light from below to illuminate them. The grandeur of an editor trying to shut C. Berliner out of the magazine that he edited for 40 years is evident in this de;;ference when C. Berliner complained about Germany's "lack of advancement" while refusing to acknowledge the obvious.

Two more examples of Light Amplification with the Plate Tect